Tech Inquiry’s Jack Paulson has shared startling details about a 3-year contract between the US Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and crypto exchange Coinbase in its report.
According to the contract details accessed by Tech Inquiry’s researcher, under this $1.36 million contract, Coinbase’s Coinbase Tracer (previously Coinbase Analytics) will provide crypto users’ data to the US Immigrations and Customs Enforcement agency (ICE), DHS’s law enforcement wing.
Coinbase Tracer is an intelligence collecting tool with numerous forensic data monitoring features.
Details of Contract between ICE and Coinbase
As per the report of watchdog group Tech Inquiry, Coinbase Tracer shares sensitive data of crypto users with the ICE, including transaction history and geolocation. This contract was previously known as a three-year deal between Coinbase and ICE.
Tech Inquiry managed to access this contract and identified that the crypto exchange offers the ICE a “suite of features” that allow the department to track its customers. For your information, this deal was signed in September 2021.
ICE needs Coinbase Tracer to track fraudulent and malicious blockchain transactions. This tool allows the agency to “connect addresses to real-world entities,” The Intercept explained. Now, ICE can track transactions made via over a dozen different cryptocurrencies, including Bitcoin, Tether, and Ether.
It is worth noting that under the Freedom of Information Act, the ICE doesn’t need to enter an End User License Agreement with Coinbase, which means that the agency has broad discretion over how they utilize the data tracking tool.
Coinbase is yet to respond to these allegations, but the exchange didn’t provide any official statement. The company’s spokesperson, Natasha LaBranche, claims that all features of Coinbase use data sourced entirely from publicly available online sources and databases.
Moreover, it doesn’t collect personally identifiable information (PII) for any user or “proprietary Coinbase user data.”
This deal is one of the many contracts signed by ICE and Coinbase. In August 2021, both entities signed a contract worth $29,000 under which Coinbase would offer the agency licenses for its analytics software.
In April 2021 and May 2020, the exchange sold licenses from Coinbase Tracer to the US Secret Service for $50,000 each.